AbstractPneumonia is the highest cause of death in children under five (5) especially in sub-Saharan Africa. It accounts for 16 % of all deaths in Africa, deadlier than Malaria. Sub-Saharan Africa carries about half of the burden of the world’s under-five deaths. Progress in the fight against pneumonia has slacked behind that of the others. Pneumonia mortality rates in children have fallen by just 50 per cent compared to an 85 per cent decline in measles deaths, and 60 per cent in deaths from malaria, AIDS and tetanus in the last 15 years. The global funding to address the burden of pneumonia in children is low and this is potentially hindering the effort to reduce the mortalities associated with the disease.
Child health | WHO | Regional Office for Africa. http://www.afro.who.int/health-topics/child-health. ACCESSED: 2017-10-17 18:20:57
5 surprising facts about Childhood Pneumonia - UNICEF Connect, https://blogs.unicef.org/blog/5-facts-about-childhood-pneumonia/ ACCESSED; 2017-10-15 22:48:33
“Pneumonia is still the biggest killer in Africa” - news - Maastricht University. https://www.maastrichtuniversity.nl/news/%E2%80%9Cpneumonia-still-biggest-killer-africa%E2%80%9D , Accessed; 2017-10-17 19:35:49
Duke T. et al, Hypoxaemia in children with severe pneumonia in Papua New Guinea, The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease: The Official Journal of the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Volume 5 Issue 6 Pg 511-519, Jun 2001, PubMed
Neonatal pneumonia in sub-Saharan Africa | Pneumonia | Full Text. Authors Robin J. Green and Jessica M. Kolberg. https://pneumonia.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s41479-016-0003-0. Accessed 2017-10-17 18:33:06
Gray DM, Zar HJ. Community-acquired pneumonia in HIV-infected children: a global perspective, http://journals.lww.com/co-pulmonarymedicine/Abstract/2010/05000/Community_acquired_pneumonia_in_HIV_infected.8.aspx. ACCESSED: 2017-11-05 21:14:28
MDG 4: Reduce child mortality. http://www.mdgmonitor.org/mdg-4-reduce-child-mortality/ ACCESSED: 2017-10-15 23:21:00
MDG 2015 rev (July 1).pdf, http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/2015 MDG Report. ACCESSED; 17/10/2017
Pneumonia kills half a million children under five in sub-Saharan Africa, UNICEF says as it launches campaign to curb the disease. https://www.unicef.org/media/media_89995.html ACCESSED: 2017-10-17 19:38:02
Scott J. Anthony G. et al, The Definition of Pneumonia, the Assessment of Severity, and Clinical Standardization in the Pneumonia Etiology Research for Child Health Study, Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America Volume 54 Pages S109-S116, 2012-4-01, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3297550/, Accessed; 2017-11-04 18:24:46.
Catto Alastair G. et al, An evaluation of oxygen systems for treatment of childhood pneumonia, BMC Public Health Volume 11 Issue 3 Pages S28, April 13, 2011.
Brett A.et al, use of continuous positive airway pressure in the management of community acquired pneumonia, Thorax Volume 48 Issue 12 Pages 1280-1281, 1993-12, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC464998/, Accessed; 2017-11-04 19:11:17.
Ayieko Philip et al, Case Management of Childhood Pneumonia in Developing Countries, The Pediatric infectious disease journal, Volume 26 Issue 5, Pages 432-440, 2007-5, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2654069/, Accessed; 2017-11-04 18:32:50.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY-NC-ND that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.